The training project attempts to study the issues related to the restoration of archaeological sites and artefacts located in underwater environment, by providing ready-to-use critical and operational tools. Therefore, the project aims to train professional archaeologists (9 research technicians) who want to specialize in the maritime and underwater sectors to conduct activities of conservation and restoration of submerged sites, to become curators of sea and navigation museums, or qualified tour guides for underwater archaeological parks.
The training program is suited to those who are interested in studying in depth the development of applied knowledge aimed at controlling the diagnostic process, including: analysis and characterization of materials and degradation; definition of preservation solutions; restoration and enhancement of the assets and sites located in underwater environment, taking into account the most innovative techniques and technologies as well as the most recent cultural debate.
The expert must become familiar with archaeological investigations, data interpretation and management of maritime heritage sites, through an interdisciplinary approach and in the light of the current debate on the issue. Therefore, he/she should know the fundamentals of restoration in an interdisciplinary framework; identify the recurrent degradation phenomena in underwater archaeological sites or areas; know how to organize and conduct a campaign of diagnostic tests and specific surveys; produce comprehensive documentary materials and propose effective intervention projects; conduct an archaeological restoration campaign in underwater environment; organize, manage and control the quality of interventions; promote actions for the protection, promotion, enhancement and experience of the underwater heritage. He/she should also acquire and propose technological innovations, including the measures designed to automate the intervention stages in hazardous or inaccessible areas.
Further goals of the training project are aimed to prepare professionals capable of:
- developing technical skills for the reproduction, recognition and recovery of products / artefacts belonging to the world of Underwater Archaeology, with the help of both scientific and archaeological methods of investigation, with particular reference to the historical and archaeometric aspects;
- providing for recognition, technological reconstruction and processing of information concerning the nature, the workmanship, the type and the intended use of objects and contexts, also through the use of advanced technologies;
- developing diagnostic plans aimed at the characterization of the constitutive materials of underwater findings and sites, and the definition of their state of preservation;
- developing methods and tools for the definition of conservation and restoration projects, with reference to the archaeological heritage of underwater sites;
- collaborating and participating in preservation, enhancement and utilization activities carried out by museums, public and private bodies and institutions, taking part in the activities of design, installation and exploitation, also with the help of multimedia methodologies.
Finally, the professional will be involved in the work process by participating in coordination, theoretical and practical activities dedicated to: computerized cataloguing and survey; definition and diagnosis of diseases taking into account the characteristics and properties of materials, with the practical application of traditional and innovative methods and tools; definition of intervention projects targeted to interrupt the processes of degradation and collapse in underwater archaeological sites; definition of the methods (theoretical, technical and instrumental) for the removal of the degradation causes.
Finally, the expert should be able to control the entire process, from preliminary analyses to the diagnosis, in order to carry out activities of recovery, restoration and preservation of underwater archaeological sites, using at each stage the most appropriate methods and technologies suited for the historical significance and the formal qualities of the sites.